Chickenpox is caused by a virus that spreads very easily to people who haven't had it before. It is spread by sneezing, coughing and contact with the infected person. If you have had it before, you'll usually be immune for life. It is caused by Varicela Zoster virus which after causing chicken pox stays dormant and re-appears many years later as shingle. Chickenpox has an incubation period of up to 3 weeks.
The chickenpox rash develops in three main stages.
The rash starts off as small, raised red spots. The spots often first appear on the face or trunk before spreading to other parts of the body. Sometimes spots can appear on the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, inside the ears or mouth, or around the bottom or genitals.
During the following hours or the next day, the spots develop a fluid-filled blister on top. The blisters may be very itchy, but it's important not to scratch them.
3) scabs and crusts
Over the next few days, the fluid in the blisters turns cloudy and the blisters begin to dry out and scab over. New spots may keep appearing for a few days after the rash begins, so there may be a mix of spots, blisters and scabs at the same time.
Chickenpox vaccination is not part of the NHS childhood vaccination programme. It's only offered to individuals who are likely to come into contact with people who are particularly vulnerable to chickenpox, such as those having chemotherapy. This reduces the risk of chickenpox spreading to vulnerable people.
Chicken pox Vaccination is NOT part of UK childhood immunization mainly because the exposure to the varicella zoster virus would create some immunity against shingles; a disease that affects elderly and it can cause serious complications.
|Patients above age of 1||2 doses given each 4-8 weeks apart. This should give life long protection|
|The non vaccinated person who has been in contact with an infected person||Vaccination within 5 days of exposure may help prevent chickenpox or reduce the severity of disease, resulting in fewer skin lesions and shorter duration of illness.|
For patients above age of 1 year. There are inclusion and exclusion list that will be discussed with you during your appointment. You will be asked to fill in an assessment form with all your vaccination history details as well as any medical condition. Also we will go through any allergic reactions you might have. You can download the form here or you can fill it in during your appointment.
|Name of the Vaccine||Type of Vaccine||Schedule (see notes above)||Price per schedule including consultation|
|Varivax||live attenuated varicella virus||2 doses||£70/dose|
VARIVAX should not be administered to pregnant women. If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before the vaccination is given. Also, it is important that you do not become pregnant within one month after having the vaccine
Most common side effects are pain, redness and swelling at injection site. Other reactions may include-tiredness, raised temperature, headache, rash. Severe reactions are rare
Please visit http://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/destinations.aspx, after putting your destinations, this website will advise you which vaccines are needed. This website is regularly updated and is authorised by NHS.